The Late Roman Farmhouse at San Biagio - The Chora of Metaponto 4 - Erminia Lapadula


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    Vol. in 4°, rilegatura filorefe in tutta tela nera, 250 pp., b/n e coll.

    This volume in the Institute of Classical Archaeology's series on rural settlements in the countryside (chora) of Metaponto presents the excavation of the Late Roman farmhouse at San Biagio. Located near the site of an earlier Greek sanctuary, this modest but well-appointed structure was an unexpected find from a period generally marked by large landholdings and monumental villas. Description of earlier periods of occupation (Neolithic and Greek) is followed by a detailed discussion of the farmhouse itself and its historical and socioeconomic context. The catalogs and analyses of finds include impressive deposits of coins from the late third and early fourth centuries AD. Use of virtual reality CAD software has yielded a deeper understanding of the architectural structure and its reconstruction. A remarkable feature is the small bath complex, with its examples of window glass. This study reveals the existence of a small but viable rural social and economic entity and alternative to the traditional image of crisis and decline during the Late Imperial period.

    Preface (Joseph Coleman Carter)

    1. The Farmhouse at San Biagio and the Agricultural Landscape of Basilicata in the Roman Period (Liliana Giardino)
    Basilicata under Roman Rule

    2. The Excavation and Structures (Erminia Lapadula)
    The Setting
    The 1980 Excavation
    Re-evaluation of the Site’s Occupation
    Building Materials
    Interpretation of the Roman Structure
    Virtual Archaeology: A Proposed Reconstruction (Massimo Limoncelli)

    3. The Materials: Prehistoric through the Roman Republican Period (Erminia Lapadula)
    Pottery and Other Neolithic Artifacts (Cesare D’Annibale)
    Figured Pottery (Francesca Silvestrelli)
    Black Gloss and Grey Ware (Eloisa Vittoria)
    Banded Ware, Miniatures, and Plain Ware (Anna Cavallo)
    Cooking Ware (Antonietta Di Tursi)
    Transport Amphorae (Oda Teresa Calvaruso)
    Architectural Terracottas (Anna Lucia Tempesta)
    Coroplastic (Rebecca Miller Ammerman)
    Loom Weights (Lin Foxhall)

    4. The Materials: The Roman Imperial Period (Erminia Lapadula)
    Study and Presentation of Material
    Eastern Terra Sigillata
    African Red Slip Ware
    Slipped Common Ware
    Plain Ware
    African Cooking Ware
    Cooking Ware
    Transport Amphorae
    Glass Finds
    Metal Finds
    Milling Finds

    5. Furnishings, Utilitarian Artifacts, and Coins (Erminia Lapadula)
    Personal Artifacts
    Household Instruments
    Spinning, Weaving, and Sewing
    Tools for Fire-lighting, Carpentry, and Woodworking
    The Repair of Dolia
    Window Glass
    Coins (Anna Rita Parente)

    6. Archaeozoology, Archaeometry, and Ceramic Analysis
    The Archaeozoological Data (Joseph Coleman Carter)
    A Goat Skeleton from the Roman Period (László Bartosiewicz)
    Archaeometric Analyses of Metal, Glass, and Plaster (Claudio Giardino)
    Microscopy of Selected Pottery Fabrics (Keith Swift with Victoria Leitch)

    7. Conclusions (Erminia Lapadula)

    Reference Materials
    Illustration Credits